Phoenix History

Phoenix is first settled by Hohokam people who yielded crops in early 300 BC. In history they developed a complex system of irrigation canals, which they later abandoned.

The said group is replaced by some Pima and Maricopa Indians along the Gila and Salt Rivers. However, the presence of the US Army with the Fort McDowell threatened permanent settlers.

The History of Phoenix shows that the Hohokam canals were later re-opened for crop production as the soldier Jack Swilling led the establishment of the town in 1870. This also led to the establishment of a ferry crossing and trading post on the Salt River which is at the southeast of Phoenix.

Later, the area came to be the center of agriculture and transportation. In 1887, the railway was established until Phoenix became a territorial capital with 3000 inhabitants. Villages also sprouted like Mesa which was founded by Mormon and the Scottsdale after it was discovered by Winfield Scott.The cityhood of Phoenix came through the Phoenix Charter Bill which was passed by the 11th Territorial Legislature. It was signed by Governor John C. Fremont on Feb. 25, 1881.Although hampered by the lack of water in the area, Phoenix managed to start the development in 1911 as the construction of the Roosevelt Dam on the Salt River was finished. Roosevelt Dam is considered one of the large dams in the said state.

Phoenix history details showed that the railway paved the way for the increase of settlers and visitors. Most of the visitors came from the East who were after the recreational benefits offered in Phoenix. Visitors often enjoyed a short stay to experience cowboy lifestyle in ranches. Majority of them stay and relax at the luxurious Arizona Biltmore resort which started operation in 1929 and still remain one of the landmarks and tourist spots in the West.

Some tourists also arrived for health reasons as it was believed that the dry desert air could be the cure of respiratory diseases.Settlers’ number even grew with the advent of air conditioning and the diversion of Colorado River water to Phoenix. Recently, growth in the Phoenix City is driven by industry and manufacturing. This is brought about by a sustained good performance on politics, agriculture, transportation, and tourism. The city now boasts of its advancement on electrical and computer components.

Although the years 2000 and 2001 may not be very good to Phoenix’ manufacturing and tourism sectors as they were badly hit by the economic dip. However, the increase in population in 2002 by about 90,000 helped the economy by the real estate and construction boom. Until now, it retains development of infrastructure and services which are sought after by settlers and tourists.

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