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History New York

New York City was discovered by Di Verrazzano. However, it was Henry Hudson, a Dutch explorer who received the credit of bringing Europe to the “Big Apple.” Dutch East India Company, a well-known tea corporation provided Hudson with the fund to explore the world in the year 1609.

In the preceding 20 years, New York City began to be called as New Amsterdam by Dutch settled in the City. It was initially viewed as a place for religious freedom by a number of immigrants.

In 1664, the City was taken over by British ships from Dutch Governor Peter Stuyvesant. Thereafter, the City was given its present name by England. It was after the death of James, Duke of York New York City was counted among the prominent places in North America because of its stupendous location and fervor for trading.

The history of New York City took a turn when in 1783, Englishmen left the City and George Washington was elected as the President of the United States at Federal Hall on Wall Street. At that time, the City turned into the capitol of the new country. The capitol moved to Philadelphia after one year. In the early 1800s, the New York City acquired the identity of being an economic power and was referred as The Empire State. The New York Stock Exchange successfully came into being just few years before the new century.  

In the mid-1800s, the City witnessed epidemics, intense immigration, disturbed political situation and a feeble economy. Even the Civil war could prove beneficial in improving the matters in New York City better. This time also held prominence for dealing between crooked politicians and local gangs. Despite of all these factors, there were some major construction projects of various bridges, museums and parks that gave a new physical look to the City. The process of growing wealth continued till the 20th century.

New century 1900 stood witness prosperity, skyscrapers and wars during this period. Broadway flourished during the initial years of this century. The office of “The New York Times” newspaper shifted to an area near 42nd Street in 1904, which came to be known as the Times Square. In overall, 1900s was the time of prosperity for the City.

A chapter was added in the history of New York City the Twin Towers collapsed in a terrorist attack and more than 2,800 people were killed. The incident is considered to be as the worst accident in the history of New York City. Nevertheless, plans are being made to rebuild these towers again. Presently the New York City has become home to some of the most powerful people in the world and has also turned into a political form being the home of the United Nations.