History Of Miami
During the year 1891, a widow called Julia Tuttle, who was a local citrus grower, bought about 640 acres land on the northern bank of the river Miami. On the persuasion of Julia Tuttle, Henry Flagler, the railroad builder extended the railroad into Miami.
This effort paved way for the development of Miami. It was officially given the status of a city on 20th July 1896. At that point of time, there were only 300 people in Miami. On account of the establishment of the railroad and development of the city, Miami became the center of attraction for Africans, Americans as well as Black Bahamians.
These people formed a major part of the population of Miami. During the period of 1920s, the city witnessed tremendous prosperity. But, there were two major happenings in Miami that led to the downfall of the city. These two mishaps were the collapse of Florida Land Boom in 1920 and occurrence of hurricane in 1926. These disasters adversely affected the economy of city and led to the destruction of the basic infrastructure of Miami. Due to its booming aviation industry, Miami came out of these crises very soon. There was a constant surge in the aviation industry that gave an impetus to its economy. Miami prospered at a rapid pace thereafter.
Due to its strategic location on the southern coast of Florida, Miami served as the center of battle to revolt against the German submarines during the Second World War. In the year 1959, Fidel Castro vanquished Cuba and eventually Miami got over crowded with more than one million Cuban refugees. Thus, Miami became a bilingual city which comprised of Spanish and English people.
Within a period of four months, more than 125,000 refugees arrived in Miami and they contributed a lot in the growth of the city, thereby converting it into a cultural and educational centerDuring 1970s and 1980s, Miami got divided into two broad classifications namely Africans and Americans. The separation was caused due to the color difference. This enhanced the cultural gap between the two prime communities.
In the year 1992, the city was hit by a terrifying hurricane, which totally demolished the city. However, the rate at which rehabilitation took place was pretty fast and the city was rebuilt. After that, it picked up momentum and acquired growth. From then onwards, the city never looked back and constantly kept moving towards the path of success and prosperity. Today, Miami has become one of the most prominent tourist attraction destinations of the world.