History Of Edinburgh

Edinburgh was built as a fort city in Middle Ages. It was captured by the British in the 7th century. But later in the 10th century it was recaptured by Scots. By the 12th century Edinburgh bloomed into a very prosperous society.

During this period Edinburgh was very well-known for manufacturing woolen cloths. Cattle and sheep were vended at Cow gate market.

Edinburgh experienced a constant struggle between Scots and English. In spite of this Edinburgh sustained to develop and by the 15th century it was Scotland's capital.  In 16th century a wall was constructed south of Edinburgh to keep the British out of Edinburgh. However the British captured it in 1547. Edinburgh also suffered from epidemics of the plague. But it recovered every time. By the end of the 17th century the population of Edinburgh grew to about 50,000.

Edinburgh sustained to grow during the 18th century. By the mid century it was rigorously congested with people. So, a new town on north of Edinburgh was built. The Nor Loch water body was also drained in north of Edinburgh and North Bridge was built over it. It was recognized as the shipbuilding industry rather than the manufacturing center in the 18th century.

In the 19th century, printing and brewing were the main industries in Edinburgh. Also known for its fictitious creations it was called the Athens of the North. In spite of its failure to develop into an industrial region, it grew swiftly. By the mid of the century a number of Irish colonists arrived in Edinburgh to run off food scarcity.Edinburgh was recognized as center of banking, insurance and other service industries in the 20th century. The famous floral clock was also constructed during this time period.

The task of slum approval was also started in 1920s. So, council houses were built on the outskirts of the city. After 1945, many more council houses and flats were built. The Edinburgh festival was also held for the first time in 1947. Tourism became an important industry during the late 20th century. Talking about Edinburgh in the 21st century, the crucial aspects of the government of Scotland have been decided on in Edinburgh. So, there has been a notifying change in the sense of importance of the city. It has continuously recognized as an important centre for finance, arts and research.

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