Chicago History

Chicago was first discovered by Louis Jolliet and Jesuit Jacques Marquette, who were the first Europeans who landed in Chicago. In 1781, the earliest settlers to come and settle in Chicago were the African Americans Jean Baptiste Point du Sable from Santo Domingo.

These settlers settled besides the openeing of the river which later connected the Michigan Lake with River Mississipi. This was a very strategic location for settlement as it gave numerous trading opportunities

After a few years, this settlement became a military base, where regular attacks by the Nnative American was a ritual. In the year 1832, the chief of the native Americans, Black Hawk was defeated and captured and this ended the long battle. In the year 1833, Chicago became a town officially, and after another four years, it was officially announced as a city in the year 1837. At this time, the population of Chicago was around 4170. The word Chicago has been derived from the native Indian word meaning area.

As time passed, Chicago continued to grow, and with the construction of railroads, Chicago actually started to expand and prosper. By this time, the city’s population had risen to a large extent and was around 300,000 by the year 1870.After an year or so, The great Fire of Chicago struck the city and converted the whole place into ashes. The fire had some devastating effects on the city, it burned 17,450  buildings. But this disaster did not crush the spirit of the residents and they started to rebuild again.

The construction began and within six weeks time, the city had already built 300 buildings. By the year 1893, Chicago was again an exuberant city pulsating with energy and strong enough to host The World Columbian Exposition in 1893, which memorializes the discovery of North America by Columbus almost 400 years back.Chicago has had some very famous architects who laid the city’s foundations; these architects gave the city a new face and some very memorable buildings after the destruction caused by the great fire.

 The 1909 Chicago Plan by Daniel Burnham, was the city’s first urban plan which consisted of parks and wide boulevards.By the beginning of the 20th century, the prices for land had raised immensely, which therefore, gave a reason to construct skyscrapers and high rise buildings. The first skyscraper of the world was built in Chicago by William Le Baron in 1885. Since these constructions, Chicago became popular as an architectural city.

Today, Chicago is a leading city and a center of trade and business. The city has a long history, by looking down the memory lane; you can see a nation who is very hard working and hones to their homeland.

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