History Of Amsterdam

Amsterdam is an old city, with its origin starting somewhere in the 13th century. It is said that the fisherman dwelling along the river Amstel constructed a bridge across the river, which connected a dam, thereby giving the city its name, Amsterdam. Amsterdam originated as a medieval village; it gained the status of a city somewhere in the 14th century.

According to the earliest documents, Amsterdam was then known as Aemstelledamme which meant “dam on the Amstel”; this document mentions that the residents of Kennener conquered the Amstel dike in 1204.

In the 12th century, the bishop of Utrecht, announced Amsterdam as a city. After the bishop’s death, Count Willem the third inherited Amsterdam, thereafter, Amsterdam became a part of Holland.According to history, on 12th of March 1345, a miracle occurred thus making Amsterdam a momentous pilgrimage town. Later on, the town grew significantly. Every year, the inhabitants of Amsterdam arrange a Roman Catholic procession in order to celebrate the year which gave the city its momentum.

During the thirteen century, Willem the third, setup toll for the trading of Beer from neighboring countries, thereby, increasing trade and bringing Amsterdam as a gateway to the European countries. The trading contact with its neighboring countries and cities helped Amsterdam in making its place as the trade center later on. The best time for Amsterdam was the 17th century, which proved as a turning point in the city’s history. This era is termed as the golden age of Amsterdam. During these times, ships started sailing to far flung areas of the world from Amsterdam harbor. Amsterdam harbor was considered to be the passage way for shipping goods to Europe and therefore served as the financial center of the European world in those times.

Immigrants started to pour into the city in the 17th century onwards. Among the immigrants, Germans were in majority. Employment for immigrants was not hard to find in this growing city, where trade was it its boom. People mostly worked as craftsmen, mostly immigrants joined the city patrols or worked in the local city district offices.People today mostly have Flemish, German, Scottish and French backgrounds.

Amsterdam kept its commercial dominance till the 18th century, after which trade began to decline due to the war. In 1810, Netherlands became a part of the French Empire, after the downfall of the French Empire; Netherlands gained its independence back again. After this, Hague became the government center instead of Amsterdam.Amsterdam again became the center for all the social as well as political activities during the 1960’s. In the recent times, Amsterdam has been undergoing major renewal efforts for its urban town planning. Amsterdam is now a modern city with all the technological advancements and economic, educational and social benefits to its residents.

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